Martial Arts of the World

This is a list of martial arts, broken down by region and style.

African martial arts

Egypt

* Tahtib (Egyptian Stick Fencing)
* Kuta (Ancient Egyptian Fist Fighting)

Ethiopia

* Surma stickfighting

Nigeria

* Dambe

South Africa

* Nguni Stick Fighting
* Obnu Bilate

Senegal

* Laamb Wrestling

Somalia

* Istunka

Sudan

* Nuba fighting

Togo

* Evala wrestling

American martial arts

Bolivia

* Tinku

Brazil

* Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu/Gracie Jiu-Jitsu
* Capoeira
* Luta Livre
* Maculele
* Vale Tudo

Canada

* Defendo
* Wen-Do
* Okichitaw
* SPEAR System

Mexico

* Lucha Libre
* Atlatl

Peru

* Rumi Maki
* Bakom/Vacón

United States

* 10th planet jiu-jitsu
* American Karate
* American Kenpo
* Shootfighting
* American kickboxing
* Bojuka
* Bok Fu Do
* Catch wrestling
* Chun Kuk Do
* Collegiate Wrestling
* Combatives
* combat judo
* Danzan-ryū
* Gaidojutsu
* Kosho Shorei Ryu Kempo
* Jailhouse Rock
* Jeet Kune Do
* Kajukenbo
* Kapu Kuialua
* Limalama
* Lua
* Marine Corps LINE Combat System
* Marine Corps Martial Arts Program
* Mixed Martial Arts
* Model Mugging
* Modern Army Combatives
* Pit Fighting
* Red Warrior
* Sanchin-ryu
* S.C.A.R.S. (military)
* Shinkendo
* Sli Beatha
* Small Circle Jujutsu
* To-Shin Do
* Toso Kune Do
* World War II combatives

Venezuela

* El Juego del Garrote

Asian martial arts

China

The hundreds of different styles and schools of Chinese martial arts (中國武術) are collectively called Kung Fu (功夫), Wushu (武術), Kuoshu (國術), or Ch’uan Fa (拳法), depending on the persons or groups doing so. The following list is by no means exhaustive.

* Bafaquan (八法拳) – Eight Methods
* Baguazhang (八卦掌; Bagua Zhang) – Eight Trigrams Palm
* Bajiquan (八極拳) – Eight Extremes Fist
* Bak Mei (白眉拳) – White Eyebrow
* Black Tiger Kung Fu (黑虎拳)
* Chaquan (查拳) – Cha Fist
* Changquan (長拳) – Long Fist
* Chuo Jiao (戳腳) – Poking Feet
* Choy Gar (蔡家) – also known as Rat Kung Fu
* Choy Li Fut (蔡李佛; Càilǐfó)
* Dachengquan (大成拳) – Great Achievement Boxing (Yiquan)
* Ditangquan (地躺拳) – Ground-Prone Fist, Ground Tumbling Boxing
* Do Pi Kung Fu (道派)
* Dragon Kung Fu (Lung Ying) (龍形拳)
* Duan Quan (短拳) – Short Range Boxing
* Emeiquan (峨嵋拳, O Mei Ch’uan)
* Fanziquan (翻子拳) – Overturning Fist, Tumbling Boxing
* Five Ancestors (五祖拳) – Wuzuquan or Ngo Cho Kun
* Five Animals (五形)
* Fujian White Crane (福建白鶴拳) – also known as Bai He Quan (白鶴拳)
* Fu Jow Pai (虎爪派) – Tiger Claw System (also titled Black Tiger Kung Fu or Hark Fu Moon)
* Fut Gar (佛家)- Buddhist Palm
* Gouquan (狗拳) – Dog Fist
* Hakka Kuen (客家拳)
* Hong Cha
* Hop Gar (俠家)
* Houquan (猴拳) – Monkey Fist
o Drunken Monkey (醉猴)
* Heihuquan: see Black Tiger Kung Fu (黑虎拳)
* Hsing-i Ch’uan: see Xingyiquan (形意拳)
* Huaquan (華拳) – China Fist
* Hung Fut (洪佛) – Hung and Buddha style kung fu
* Hung Gar (洪家拳; also known as Hung Ga or Hung Kuen) – Shaolin Style and ancestor to many southern styles
* I Liq Chuan (意力拳) – Mind-Body Art, founded by Chin Lik Keong of Malaysia
* Jeet Kune Do (截拳道) – Way of The Intercepting Fist
* Jing Wu Men (精武門) – Jing Wu, a famous school founded in Shanghai that teaches several different styles.
* Jing Quan Do (精拳道) – a modern synthetic style
* Jow-Ga Kung Fu (周家) – Jow family style
* Kuntao (拳道 or 拳頭) – Way of the Fist, a Hokkien term referring to Chinese martial arts practiced in Southeast Asia and in Indonesia in particular
* Lau Gar (刘家) – Lau family style
o Lai-Ga-Sau – A recently created separate branch based in the United Kingdom
* Lai Tung Pai- Shaolin Style that mixes long and short fist
* Lama Pai (喇嘛派)
* Leopard Kung Fu (豹拳)
* Li Gar (李家) – Li Family or Lee Family style
* Liu Seong Kuntao (also Liu Seong Gung Fu, Liu Seong Chuan Fa) – A Chinese art with Indonesian influence, practiced primarily in the United States
* Liuhebafa Chuan (六合八法; Liu He Pa Fa, Lok Hup Ba Fa) – Six Harmonies, Eight Methods or Water Boxing
* Luohan Quan (羅漢拳) Arhat Boxing, Law Horn Kuen
* Mei Hua Quan (梅花拳 Plum Blossom Fist)
* Mian Quan (棉花拳擊 Cotton Boxing)
* Mizongyi (迷蹤拳; Mízōngquán) – Lost Track Fist (also known as My Jong Law Horn; 迷蹤羅漢拳)
* Mok Gar (莫家拳) Mok family style
* Monkey Kung Fu see Houquan
* Nam Pai Chuan (南北拳) – North South Fist
* Nan Quan (南拳) – Southern Fist
* Northern Praying Mantis (北派螳螂拳)
* Northern Shaolin (北少林) – Bei Shaolin
* Pai lum (白龍) – White Dragon, Pai Family Method, a modern style based on Kenpo with Chinese influences found mainly in the US and Canada
* Paochui (炮捶) – Cannon Fist, Sanhaung Paochui
* Piguaquan (劈掛拳) – Chop-Hitch Fist, Axe-hitch boxing
* Praying Mantis: see either Northern or Southern Praying Mantis
* Sanshou (散手) or Sanda (散打) – Free Fighting
* San Soo (散手)
* Shaolin Quan (少林拳)
* Shequan (蛇拳) – Snake Fist
* Shou Shu (野獸藝術) – Beast Art (application art derived from kung fu)
* Shuai Chiao (摔跤; Shuaijiao) – Chinese and Mongolian styles of wrestling
* Southern Praying Mantis (南派螳螂拳)
o Chow Gar (周家)- Chow Style Southern Praying Mantis
* Tai Chi Chuan (太極拳 Tai Chi Chuan, Taijiquan) – Supreme Ultimate Boxing
o Chen style tai chi chuan
o Yang style tai chi chuan
o Wu/Hao style tai chi chuan
o Wu style tai chi chuan
o Sun style tai chi chuan
o Tai chi softball
* Tantui (彈腿/譚腿) – Spring Leg style
* Tibetan White Crane (白鶴派)
* Tien Shan Pai (天山派)
* Tongbeiquan (通背拳) – Through-the-Back Fist
* White Crane: see either Fujian White Crane or Tibetan White Crane
* Wing Chun (詠春 or 永春) – See also Wing Tsun
* Wudangquan (武當拳)
* Xingyiquan (形意拳; Hsing-i Chuan) – Form-Intent Fist
* Yau Kung Mun (软功門) – Flexible-Power Style
* Yingzhaoquan (鷹爪拳) – Eagle Claw Fist
* Yuejiaquan (岳家槍) – Yue family Fist/Boxing
* Yiquan (意拳; I Ch’uan) – Mind Boxing
* Zi Ran Men (自然门) – Natural Boxing or “fist of nature”

General terms

* Chi Gerk (黐腳) – Term used for sticky legs sensitivity training most notably used in Wing Chun. Similar concepts are also practiced in Hung Gar and other Chinese martial arts
* Chi Sao (黐手) – Term used for sticky arm sensitivity training most notably used in Wing Chun. Similar concepts are also practiced in Hung Gar and other Chinese martial arts
* Zui Quan (醉拳) “Drunken Fist” – Term used for “drunken” techniques in many styles of Chinese Martial Arts
* Dim Mak (點脈) – General term for point striking
* Iron Palm (Chinese: 铁掌功; Cantonese: tit1 zoeng2 gung1) is a body of training techniques in various Chinese martial arts.
* Iron Shirt (Traditional Chinese: 鐵衫; Simplified Chinese: 铁衫; Pinyin: tiě shān; Cantonese: tit1 saam3) is a form of hard style martial art exercise for protecting the human body from impacts in a fight.
* Lei Tai {擂台; Lèi tái) – Full Contact competition platform used in Chinese Martial Arts.
* Qinna (擒拿; Chin Na) – General term for joint locks
* Sanshou (散手) – General term for sparring methods, but also another name for the sport, San da (散打)
* Tuishou (推手) – Term used for the “push hands” partner exercises used in the Neijia arts.

Internal and external styles

Chinese martial arts may be divided into Neijia (內家, internal family) or wàijiā (外家, external family) styles.

Many styles combine both internal and external techniques; Chow Gar is a good example of this.

There is an ongoing debate within the martial arts community at both the popular and scholarly level over the distinction between “internal” and “external” arts. Consequently, the list of styles considered internal or external may vary greatly from source to source. There are only three Chinese styles that are universally recognized as internal, and they are sometimes referred to as the “Orthodox internal styles.” These three styles are Xingyiquan, Baguazhang, and Tai Chi Chuan, the three arts counted as internal and set apart by Sun Lutang, who greatly popularized the terms “nèijiā” and “wàijiā” as a method of classifying martial arts.
[edit] Styles often considered internal styles

* Baguazhang (八卦掌 Pa Kua Chang) – Eight Trigrams Palm
* Liuhebafa Chuan (六合八法 Liu He Pa Fa, Lok Hup Ba Fa) – Water Boxing
* Tai Chi Chuan (太極拳 Tai Chi Chuan, Taijiquan) – Ultimate Supreme Fist
* Xingyiquan (形意拳 Hsing-i Chuan) – Shape-Intent Fist
* Yiquan (意拳 I Chuan) – Mind Boxing

Shaolin Kung Fu
Styles
Bafaquan ·
Baguazhang ·
Black Tiger Kung Fu ·
Dragon Kung Fu ·
Drunken Kung Fu ·
Drunken Monkey ·
Fujian White Crane ·
Eagle Claw ·
Jeet Kune Do ·
Leopard Kung Fu ·
Limping duck ·
Monkey Kung Fu ·
Northern Shaolin ·
Northern Praying Mantis ·
Southern Praying Mantis ·
Snake Kung Fu ·
Tien Shan Pai ·
Yiquan ·
Zi Ran Men

Other Styles of Chinese martial arts
Chāquán ·
Chum Kiu ·
Five Animals ·
Fa jin ·
Ji Jike ·
Sifu ·
Sanshou

Cambodia

* Bokator
* Kbachkun Dambong-veng
* Khmer Traditional Wrestling
* Pradal Serey

India

* Gatka (ਗਤਕਾ
* Inbuan Wrestling
* Kalaripayat (കളരിപയറ്റ്)
o Central style
o Northern style
o Southern style
* Lathi (लाठी)
* Malla-yuddha (मल्लयुद्)
o Malyutham (மல்யுத்தம்)
o Niyuddha-kride (नियुद्ध क्रिडे)
* Musti yuddha
* Mukna (মুকনা)
* Sarit Sarak (সরিত সরকার)
* Silambam (சிலம்பம்)
o Kuttu Varisai (குத்துவரிசை)
o Varma Kalai (வர்மக்கலை)
* Thang-Ta

Indonesia

* Kuntao
* Pencak Silat
o Bakti Negara
o Cimande
o Tapak Suci
* Silat
* Sindo

Okinawa

* karate
* kobudo
* tegumi (okinawan wrestling)

Japan

* Aikido (合気道/合氣道)
* Battojutsu (抜刀術)
* Bōjutsu (棒術)
* Bujinkan (武神館)
* Daito-ryū aiki-jujutsu (大東流合気柔術/大東流合氣柔術)
* Dakentaijutsu
* Genbukan
* Goshin Jujitsu (護身柔術)
* Hakkō-ryū (八光流)
* Iaido(居合道、居合術 Iaijutsu)
* Japanese kickboxing
* Jinenkan
* Jodo (杖道)
* Judo (柔道)
* Jujutsu (柔術、Jiujitsu, Jujitsu)
o Tenjin Shin’yō-ryū (天神真楊流?)
o Jukido Jujitsu (柔気道 柔術)
* Jūkendō (銃剣道?)
* Juttejutsu (十手術?)
o
+ Japanese Karate Styles (空手)
* Ashihara kaikan (芦原会館)
* Budōkan (武道館)
* Gensei-ryū (玄制流)
* Genwakai (玄和会)
* Enshin kaikan (円心会館)
* Kimi Shin Ryu
* Kokondo (古今道 空手)
* Kyokushin kaikan (極新会館)
* Ninjutsu
* Nanbudo
* Seido juku (誠道塾)
* Seidokaikan (正道会館)
* Shooto (修斗)
* Shōtōkan-ryū (松濤館流)
* Shōtōkai (松濤會)
* Yoseikan-ryū (養正館流)
* Shindō jinen-ryū (神道自然流)
* Shidokan (士道館)
* Shitō-ryū (糸東流)
* Shūkōkai (修交会)
* Seishinkai (聖心会)
* Hayashi-ha karate
* Shūdōkan (修道館)
* Shuri-ryū (首里流)
* Takeda Ryu Nakamura Ha
* Wado-ryū (和道流)
o Yōshūkai (養秀会)
* Yoseikan Budo
* Kokondo
* Kendo (剣道)
* Kenjutsu (剣術)
* Kita Matsu Ryu
o Jigen-ryū (示現流)
* Kenpo (拳法)
o Kosho Shorei Ryu Kempo
o Go No Kempo[1]
o Chugoku Kempo[1]
o White Crane Kempo[1]
o Ju no Kempo[1]
o Himitsu Kempo[1]
* Kenpo kai (拳法會)
* Kyūdō (弓道)
* shoot boxing
* shoot wrestling
* sumo wrestling
* Pancrase
* Shooto
* Shootfighting
* Taido
* Taijutsu
* Toyama-ryū

* Sumo
* shorinji kempo

Korea

* Choi Kwang-Do
* Chung Suk Kuhapdo
* GongKwon Yusul
* Gwonbeop
* Gwon-gyokdo
* Gyongdang
* Haidong Gumdo
* Han Mu Do
* Hankido
* Hapkido
* Hoi Jeon Moo Sool
* Hwa Rang Do
* Kuk Sool Won
* Kumdo
* Kung Jung Mu Sul
* Muye24gi
* Shippalgi
* Ssireum
* Subak
* Sul Ki Do
* Taekkyeon
* Taekwondo
* Tang soo do
* Yusul

Laos

* Muay Lao

Malaysia

* Silat Melayu
o Seni Gayung Fatani
o Silat Cekak
* Tomoi

Mongolia

* Mongolian wrestling

Myanmar

* Bando
* Banshay
* Lethwei
* Naban

Pakistan

* Pehlwani

Philippines

Filipino martial arts

* Arnis
* Buno
* Cinco Teros
* Dumog
* Eskrima (Kali)
* Espada y Daga
* Kali Sikaran
* Kombatan
* Modern Arnis
* Pananjakman
* Panantukan
* Pangamut
* Tat Kun Tao (踢拳道)
* Sikaran
* Yawyan

Sri Lanka

* Angampora
* Cheena di

Thailand

* Krabi Krabong (กระบี่-กระบอง)
* Lerdrit
* Muay Boran (มวยโบราณ)
* Muay Thai (มวยไทย)
* Silat Pattani

Tibet

* Boabom
* Kateda

Vietnam

* Viet Vo Dao/ Việt Võ Đạo – Vovinam (越武道)
* Tay Son
* Binh Dinh
* Qwan Ki Do (Quán Khí Đạo)
* Cuong Nhu
* Tu-Thân
* Vo Thuat

Caribbean martial arts

Haiti, Martinique, Trinidad and Tobago

* Kalinda (also Kalenda or Calinda)

Purple Dragon Don Jitsu Ryu System

Cuba

* El Juego de Maní

Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic

* Kickboxing
* Kajukenbo

European martial arts

General

* Amateur Wrestling
* Archery
* Catch Wrestling
* Fencing
* Historical European martial arts
* Jousting
* Freestyle fighting
* Freestyle Wrestling
* Mixed martial arts

France

* Baton Francais
* Francombat
* Gouren
* Greco-Roman wrestling
* Kinomichi
* La Canne
* Lutta Corsa
* Savate

Georgia

* Khridoli

Germany

* German Ju-Jutsu
* German school of fencing
* Kampfringen
* Nindokai

Greece

* Pygmachia (Ancient Greek Boxing)
* Pale (Ancient Greek wrestling)
* Pankration (Ancient Greek Hybrid Combat Sport)

Ireland

* Bataireacht
* Collar-And-Elbow Wrestling

Italy

* Italian school of swordsmanship
* Roman Wrestling

Poland

* Combat 56

Portugal

* Jogo do Pau

Russia

* Sambo
* Spetsnaz GRU hand-to-hand combat style
* Systema
o Kadochnikov’s Systema
+ ROSS
o Ryabko’s Systema
* Russian fist fighting

Serbia

* Real Aikido
* Svebor

Spain

* Canarian Wrestling
* Destreza
* Juego del Palo
* Keysi Fighting Method
* Yawara-Jitsu

Switzerland

* Schwingen
* sea jousting

Ukraine

* Combat Hopak

United Kingdom

* Bare-knuckle boxing – (London Prize Ring rules)
* Bartitsu
* Boxing – (Marquess of Queensberry rules)
* Chess boxing
* Cornish Wrestling
* Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling
* Defendu
* Devon wrestling
* Dirk Dance
* Lancashire wrestling
* Quarterstaff
* Scottish Backhold
* Singlestick

Oceanian martial arts

Australia

* GKR Karate
* Zen Do Kai

New Zealand

* Mau Rakau

Near Eastern martial arts

Iran

* Koshti
* Pahlavani
* Kung Fu To’a

Israel

* Kapap
* Krav Maga

Turkey

* Yagli Gures
* Jereed
* Turkish archery

Uzbekistan

* Kurash

Scandinavian martial arts

Finland

* Han Moo Do – (It is mainly practiced in the Nordic countries.)
* Hokutoryu jujutsu

Iceland

* Glima

Norway

* Stav

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Many works of fiction such as movies and books have characters that practice martial arts. Usually they practice existing martial arts, such as Judo or Aikido, but sometimes a martial art is made up for dramatic purposes or to lend a fictional world a sense of authenticity. This is a list of such martial arts, sorted by the medium of the fictional work they appear in.

Books and comics

* Baritsu — Japanese wrestling style used by Sherlock Holmes, either a typographical error for, or a deliberate bowdlerization of, Bartitsu.
* Cards as Weapons — mock martial art of throwing playing cards with extreme force and accuracy, as presented in magician/card-scaler Ricky Jay’s book of the same title. It has since been used in many pieces of fiction as the martial arts of choice for a gambling rogue character, usually using razor-sharp shuriken designed like playing cards for their attacks. The Magician (TV series) with Bill Bixby features steel playing cards used in this manner, and also in many Chinese television series, when cards can be used to cut. This form is practiced by the Marvel Comics hero Gambit, made even deadlier with his ability to make anything he touches explosive.
* Sinanju — a Korean martial art handed down for many generations in the Destroyer series. It is considered the forerunner to most real-world martial arts and is called “the sun source” by its practitioneers.
* Klurkor— a Kryptonian Martial art used in the DC Universe.
* Moo-Gi-Gon— a martial art used by Green Arrow.
* Kwo-Bo, a martial art mentioned in J.F. Englert’s novel, A Dog About Town.
* Omnite, a martial art used by the title character in Logan’s Run
* coup de vitesse, favored by the Manticoran military in David Weber’s Honorverse

Video games

* Insult swordfighting — employed in the Monkey Island series, which is a combination of fencing and insulting the opponent as a form of art.
* Munchkin Fu — from the Games ‘Munchkin Fu’ and ‘Munchkin Fu 2 – Monky Business’ by Steve Jackson Games. The game describes styles like Drunken Monkey Kung Fu, Kong Fu, Fee Fi Fo Fu, Sna Fu, and Stomach Fu.
* Jarate — employed by The Sniper in Team Fortress 2, it is claimed to be a “Jar-based Karate” that primarily involves throwing jars of urine at opponents.[1]

* Mishima ryu karate is a style used by Devil jin, Heihachi Mishima and Kazuya Mishima.

* Saikyo, a fictional form of Shotokan karate used by Dan Hibiki in the Street Fighter series.

Manga and anime

* Hokuto Shinken, or “Divine Fist of the North Star” practiced Kenshiro of Fist of the North Star and his “uncle” Kenshiro Kasumi in Fist of the Blue Sky. The martial arts is heavily based on the application of pressure points, which, when high strength is applied and/or in sequence, can cause paralysis, blindness, and massive hemorraging. However, the technique can also be used to heal. There is also a rival martial arts style, called Nanto Seiken, the “Sacred Fist of the South Star”, which focuses on piercing and penetrating attacks by breaking through the opponent’s defenses. For other martial arts style in the series, see List of fighting styles in Fist of the North Star.
* Panzer Kunst, German for “armored arts” is featured in the manga Battle Angel Alita, and was developed by Tiger Sauer, prior to the start of the series, on Mars. It is practiced by the series’ main character, Alita. It was developed to anticipate cyborg attacks, counter armed opponents, zero gravity combat, strategize and analyze opponents to effectively counterattack and is very effective larger opponents. Those trained in this style rarely lose a second fight with the same opponent. All the ranks and attack names are in German.

Movies and television

* Anbo-Jitsu — from the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode “The Icarus Factor”; involves wearing helmets that don’t let you see and using large pugil sticks that signal when they’re aimed at the opponent. Practiced by William Riker and his father Kyle.
* Bending — from the series Avatar: The Last Airbender; the four arts of manipulation of the elements by Chi cultivation: waterbending, earthbending, firebending and airbending, are modelled after real-world martial art disciplines.
* Ecky-Thump — a Lancastrian martial art from The Goodies, which uses the black pudding as a weapon
* Fuck Yu— a Scottish martial art from So I Married An Axe Murderer, which consists mostly of headbutting and kicking the opponent when they are on the ground.
* Gun Kata — practiced by Tetragrammaton Clerics in the movie Equilibrium. Focusing on firearms, especially handguns, Gun Kata practitioners use rote memorization of martial arts-style forms based on probability models to shoot where the enemy is most likely to be and position their bodies to avoid return fire. Gun Kata was also practiced in the movie Ultraviolet.
* Lightsaber combat — from Star Wars, consisting of seven distinct sword combat styles incorporating various Jedi skills.
* Teräs Käsi — a martial art in the Star Wars extended universe that makes use of some properties of The Force.
* Tsunkatse — from the Star Trek: Voyager episode of the same name, in which Seven of Nine joined a tournament.
* Venusian Aikido — from Doctor Who, practiced by the Third Doctor.

Other

* Ti Kwan Leep is a parody martial art used by sketch comedy group The Frantics. The signature move in Ti Kwan Leep is a “boot to the head”.